Phase 1: Determining, conceptualising and measuring expansion

Chapter you: Defining, conceptualising and computing development Aims of the section

• To provide definitions from the groupings intended for poor nations of the world, including ‘Third World', ‘developing world' and ‘Global South'. • To summarize the space and conceptual limits of such terms and the current appropriateness. • To outline the type and procedures of creation as a principle as contested by students and policy-makers. • To measure how advancement has been measured in relation to signals such as Major National Product and Cash flow, and the Human Development Index, together with an analysis of the need for the Centuries Development Goals.

Learning targets

By the end of the chapter and relevant reading, you should be capable to: • discuss the different conditions used to describe the poorest countries of the world and explain the advantages and drawbacks of each a single • explain what the term ‘development' means • illustrate the different actions of creation, focusing on every capita GNP/GNI and the HDI and examine their comparative merits and limitations • outline the Millennium Advancement Goals, and identify the obstacles with their fulfilment through the Global Southern region.

Essential examining

Dodds, Klaus ‘The Under developed, Developing Countries, the Southern region, Poor Countries' in Desai, Vandana and Robert B. Potter (eds) The Associate to Development Studies. (London: Hodder Arnold, 2008) second edition [ISBN 9780340889145] pp. 3–7. Elliott, Jennifer A. ‘Development since Improving Human being Welfare and Human Rights' in Desai and Potter (eds) (2008) pp. 40–45. Potter, Robert, Tony Binns, Jennifer A. Elliott and David Cruz Geographies of Development. (Harlow: Pearson Education, 2008) [ISBN 9780132228237] Section 1 . Rigg, Jonathan ‘The Millennium Advancement Goals' in Desai and Potter (eds) (2008) pp. 30–37. Thirlwall, A. L ‘Development since Economic Growth' in Desai and Knitter (eds). (2008) pp. 37–40.

Further reading

Clemens, Jordan A., Charles J. Kenny and Jake J. Tree ‘The Trouble with the MDGs: Confronting Expectations of Aid and Expansion Success', Universe Development, 35(5) 2007, pp. 735–51 [ISSN 0305750X].

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109 Geographies of development Hicks, Douglas A. ‘The Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index: A Constructive Proposal', World Creation, 25(8) 97, pp. 1283–298 [ISSN 0305750X]. Rigg, Jonathan A day to day Geography from the Global South. (London and New York: Routledge, 2007) [ISBN 9780415376099] Section 1 . Rist, Gilbert The of Advancement: From Traditional western Origins to Global Beliefs. (London: Zed, 1997) [ISBN 9781856494922] Chapters 1 and 4. Saith, Ashwani ‘From Universal Principles to Millennium Development Desired goals: Lost in Translation', Expansion and Change, 37(6) 2006, pp. 1167–199 [ISSN 0012155X]. Thomas, Alan ‘Meanings and Views of Development' in allen homes, Tim and Alan Jones (eds) Low income and Development into the modern world. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000) second edition [ISBN 9780198776260] pp. 23–48. United Nations Development System [UNDP] Human being Development Report 2005. (New York: UNDP 2005) [ISBN 9780195305111] (downloadable, from http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2005/). United Nations Creation Programme [UNDP] Human Advancement Report 06\. (New York: UNDP 2006) [ISBN 9780230500587] (downloadable, coming from http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr06-complete.pdf). Un The Centuries Goals Record 2007. (New York: EL, 2007)(downloadable coming from http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Products/Progress2007/ UNSD_MDG_Report_2007e. pdf). Willis, Katie Ideas and Procedures of Advancement. (London and New York: Routledge, 2005) [ISBN 9780415300537] Phase 1 .

Valuable web sites

www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ – site of the ESTE Millennium Creation Goals www.mdgmonitor.org/ – site of the MDG Monitor that shows just how countries are progressing in achieving the MDGs. www.eldis.org/ – web site of the gateway to...

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