CHICKENPOX

Introduction

Chickenpox is highly contagious disease characterized by fever, malaise, pains and appearance of vesicular rash within a day. It is also called as varicella.

Magnitude of problem

It can be worldwide in distribution and occurs in both outbreak and native to the island forms.

Epidemiological factors

* Agent component

The causative agent of chickenpox is usually Varicella-Zoster (V-Z) virus and this is called because " human being (alpha) herpes virus 3” 2. Source of illness

The source or perhaps reservoir of infection is actually a case of chickenpox. The virus is present in the nostril and can range f secretions and lesions with the skin, mucous membrane and blood 5. Period of infectivity

The case is definitely infectious for any period of regarding 1 week, 1 to 2 days just before and 5 to 5 times after the overall look of allergy.

* Sponsor factor

2. Age: Simply no age is usually exempted but it really mostly takes place in kids under a decade. * Sex: Both people are prone to the illness

* Defenses: One harm gives tough immunity, second attack is rare. Mother's bodies safeguard children about few months.

* Environmental element

It shows seasonal craze in India, i. electronic. first 6 months of 12 months. Overcrowding favors transmission Method of transmitting

The infection propagates through scrap infection my spouse and i. e coughing, talking, kissing. It is also spread by means of content articles such as cups and spoons recently infected by the patient. Pathophysiology

Virus gains entry throughout the mucosa from the upper respiratory tract, followed by viraemia and blood circulation through bloodstream, and then becomes localized inside the skin. The virus creates swelling in the epithelial skin cells, ballooning, deterioration and deposition of tissue fluid causing vesicle creation. Sign and symptoms

5. A crimson, itchy rash, initially like insect attacks, on encounter, scalp, chest and backside * Small , liquid-filled montage that break open and crust more than * Fever

* Abdominal pain or perhaps loss of urge for food

* Gentle headache

2. General...

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